In a study published in Nature, Northwestern Medicine scientists have demonstrated that a gene is critical for the development of the ear’s outer hair cells, which has important implications for hearing loss treatments.
A Northwestern Medicine study has demonstrated that an age-related increase in estrogen may be the culprit behind a common hernia in elderly men.
Linda Suleiman, MD, ’17 GME, assistant professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, discusses her recent study on the representation of women in orthopaedic surgery.
Arthur Prindle, PhD, assistant professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, will study bacterial communication and its potential applications to human health with a five-year grant from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation.
Teresa Woodruff, PhD, vice chair for research in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and dean of the Graduate School, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Working with human lung tissue and mice, Northwestern University researchers found that metformin reduces pollution-triggered inflammation linked to heart attack and stroke. “These findings suggest metformin as a potential therapy to prevent some of the premature deaths attributable to air pollution exposure worldwide,” co-lead author Dr. Scott Budinger said in a university news release. “The simplest next step would be to validate our study with metformin in people in China or other places where exposure to high levels of air pollution are common to see if it reduces inflammation,” said Budinger, chief of pulmonary and critical care at Northwestern’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.
The big advantage of this kind of study is that “in combining information across so many prior studies you’re really getting at one of the best estimates of the disparity of suicide risk due to sexual orientation,” said Brian Mustanski, director of the Institute for Sexual and Gender Health and Well Being at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. “We already knew (LGBT) teens were at risk, but this study gives a more precise estimate of that risk.” Mustanski has followed a group of young people for over a decade. He has found that the accumulation of experiences with victimization and bullying can lead to depression and feelings of hopelessness. “And those increase the risk for suicide,” said Mustanski who was not affiliated with the new study.
“These are usually relaxation strategies, white noise, meditation,” Jason Ong, an associate professor of neurology specializing in sleep at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. He studies non-pharmacological treatments for various sleep disorders and treats patients at the university’s Sleep Medicine clinic. “It’s not that there’s something wrong with those apps. It’s a reasonable first thing to try.” But, he adds, these kinds of apps aren’t based on scientifically-proven solutions, and they don’t really fix the problem of why someone is not sleeping.
Together with 10 of Chicago’s largest hospitals, Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill., yesterday released an action plan to reduce violence and improve health in 18 Chicago neighborhoods by hiring and purchasing local, among other commitments. The Chicago HEAL Initiative (Hospital Engagement, Action and Leadership) is touted as a prevention strategy that recognizes hospitals as large employers and leaders of community initiatives. The 10 hospitals—including University of Chicago Medical Center, Northwestern Memorial Hospital and Rush University Medical Center—will partner to address a number of targets over the next three years, the plan states.